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Evaluation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

This consultation forms part of the evaluation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Under the terms of the Directive, the Commission is required to carry out this evaluation by the end of 2016. The evaluation should reflect the experience gained and progress made since the adoption of the Directive. If necessary, the Commission should make proposals on the basis of the evaluation. 

Objectives of the consultation

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) requires Member States to set energy performance standards for buildings, to issue buildings with energy performance certificates and to ensure that, by the end of 2020, all new buildings are ‘nearly zero energy’ buildings. The Directive introduced a benchmarking system, the aim of which is to create an incentive for making the energy performance requirements set by national or regional building codes more ambitious, and to ensure that these requirements are reviewed regularly. Member States were required to have most of the measures set out under the Directive in force by January 2013.

The objective of this consultation was to review the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and evaluate whether the directive has met its aims. The consultation also aimed to explore issues in relation to the Smart Finance for Smart Buildings initiative and the links of the directive with other energy policy areas. This public consultation launched the review into the directive, which is due by the end of 2016 as required under Article 19 of the directive.

This consultation closed on 31 October 2015.

Supporting papers

To download the documents supporting this consultation, please follow the links below.

CIBSE response

CIBSE believes that the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) has been successful in reinforcing building energy policies in the UK. It has raised the profile of energy management in buildings, emphasising the importance of monitoring and measurement to catalyse improving performance. The UK has been setting energy performance standards for buildings since at least 1990 and reinforcement of this through the EPBD has been welcome.

The EPBD has successfully introduced a regime for the production of energy certificates. Display Energy Certificates (DECs) in public buildings have been very effective in making transparent the use or waste of energy based on measured energy consumption in public buildings.

The requirement to have Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) on sale or rent has also created greater awareness of building energy performance, but it is not clear that this has yet had the transformational effect on the market that the original authors of the EPBD anticipated in 2000/2001.

It is very difficult to ascribe improvements in building energy efficiency to any one cause. However, it is very clear to many active in this policy area over the past 15 years that the EPBD has had a significant impact in encouraging greater ambition amongst those who were already supportive of energy efficiency, and it has had a constraining effect on those who would otherwise have done even more to eliminate policy measures which support energy efficiency.

To read the full CIBSE response, please follow the link below.

Results of the consultation and next steps

The European Commission published the analysis of the contributions to the online questionnaire received during the consultation period in November 2015. To read the EC report please follow the link below.

The Commission will consider additional stakeholder inputs, in particular practical experience from the Member States as implementing bodies through the EPBD Concerted Action as well as expert inputs through a series of in-depth technical workshops.