CIBSE Technical Symposium, DeMontfort University, Leicester UK
6th and 7th September 2011
More than 70% of approximately 25,000 maintained and independent primary and secondary schools in England and Wales were built before the introduction of thermal regulations in 1970s offering a significant opportunity to reduce carbon emission of the school building stock. In terms of construction they could be divided in two major categories: pre 1919 solid wall construction and post war masonry cavity school buildings. Having in mind constantly changing regulatory frameworks which demand both carbon emission reduction and improvement of the quality of internal environment; this paper analyses strengths and limitations of available design tools of various complexity: Annex 36 Energy Concept Advisor (ECA) Tool and Thermal Analysis Software (TAS). As a platform for discussion two representative school buildings in North London were selected and modelled using both tools. Discussion integrates views of 76 building industry professionals on applicability of various school retrofit options in practice. Using the available statistics on total number of schools and floor space in each category, a simple extrapolation was applied to roughly quantify potential for carbon emission reduction of the school building stock in England and Wales. Although less sophisticated the Energy Concept Advisor meets its aim of offering designers, architects and decision makers the opportunity of assessing the performance of a particular building and comparing possible retrofitting measures. Its straightforwardness however also comes with a number of limitations which can lead to imprecise results.